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Citation Guides

Citing is a very important part of the academic writing process. For assistance with referencing and citations, the library staff at the Beryl Ivey Library have created quick-reference guides for the major styles used at Brescia.

Please note that specialized citations, formatting, and style questions should still be directed toward to manual for each specific style.

AMA
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The American Medical Association (AMA) citation style is commonly used in medical and health sciences. The Brescia AMA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citation and referencing in AMA style.

 For more information visit:

APA
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The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is commonly used in the social sciences. The Brescia APA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and references in APA style.

Please note: there are currently two editions of APA available. Please check with your instructor about which edition of APA they require for assignments.

APA – Sixth Edition

APA – Seventh Edition (New February 2020)

For more information, please visit:

ASA
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The American Sociological Association (ASA) is commonly used in the social sciences. The Brescia ASA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in ASA style.

For more information, please visit:

Chicago
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The Chicago Style is commonly used in the social sciences. The Brescia Chicago Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in Chicago style. The Chicago Manual of Style requires either (1) footnotes and a bibliography or (2) in-text author-date citations and a reference list. Our citation guide shows examples for footnotes and a bibliography. You can find examples for option (2) in the Chicago Manual of Style.

For more information, please visit:

CSE/NLM
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The Council of Science Editors (CSE) and National Library of Medicine (NLM) styles are commonly used in the sciences. This style is also used in the Journal of Food Science. The Brescia CSE/NLM Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in CSE/NLM style. Our guide follows the Name-Year format, which corresponds with the format used in the Journal of Food Science.

This style relies on journal abbreviations. For assistance with abbreviating journal titles, try:

  1. The NLM Journal Catalog
  2. Web of Science
  3. Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory — Search by journal title or keywords and click the link for more information. Abbreviations are located in the “Additional Title Details” section under “MEDLINE abbreviation.”

For more information, please visit:

MLA
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The Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style is commonly used in the humanities. The Brescia MLA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in MLA style.

For more information, please visit:

ICMJE
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The ICMJE Recommendations is commonly used in the sciences. This style was previously known as the Uniform Requirements or Vancouver style. The ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) publishes the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. The Brescia ICMJE Recommendations Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in this style.

This style relies on journal abbreviations. For assistance with abbreviating journal titles, try:

  1. The NLM Journal Catalog
  2. Web of Science
  3. Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory — Search by journal title or keywords and click the link for more information. Abbreviations are located in the “Additional Title Details” section under “MEDLINE abbreviation.”

For more information, please see: